The Philodendron hederaceum or heart leaf Philodendron is a popular houseplant that is often grown as an ornamental plant.
It features a peculiar dark green foliage that is heart-shaped and could produce stunning white-green flowers.
A member of the Araceae family, the heart-leaf philodendron can be found growing in most tropical regions of the Caribbeans and other parts of Central America.
As a slow-growing plant, the heart leaf plant might need at least 2 to 3 years of proper growth before repotting, and be careful, as heart leaf philodendrons are regarded as toxic plants.
|Botanical Name||Philodendron hederaceum|
|Common Names||Sweetheart plant, Heart-leaf Philodendron|
|Origin||Caribbean and Central America|
|Plant Type||Evergreen, Flowering perennial, vining plant|
|Full Size||Ranges from 3 feet to 13 feet long and 1 foot to 3 feet wide|
|Sun Exposure||Indirect bright sunlight|
|Soil Type||Well-draining soil, neutral to acidic|
|Toxicity||Toxic to people and pets.|
Heart Leaf Philodendron Care
The Philodendron Heart leaf plant is one of the easiest plants to grow with just a few lights, water, temperature, soil, and pruning requirements to meet.
Heart Leaf Philodendron Light Requirement
Heartleaf Philodendrons require sufficient access to bright, shaded, or partial sunlight to thrive. Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight might scorch the plant’s delicate foliage.
Also, providing too little sunlight can leave the plant looking droopy, so keep everything in moderation.
An ideal room to keep the heartleaf plant would be the bathroom or toilet, next to a southwards or northwards facing window. You can make use of a light curtain to shield the plant from the harsh sun rays.
Heart Leaf Philodendron Water Requirement
Watering should not be done often for the Philodendron Houseplant as the roots are delicate and soggy soil could leave them susceptible to rot.
What you should aim for when watering should be moist soil. To get this you should make use of a moisture meter to measure the moisture level or you could try feeling the top most level of the with your finger, if it feels a little dry, then proceed to water the plant.
When watering, avoid touching the leaves as excess moisture on the plant’s leaves can be harmful to the plant. Also, ensure you use room temperature water that is dechlorinated to avoid stressing the roots.
Heart Leaf Philodendron Soil Requirement
The best soil type for the Philodendron heartleaf is well-draining soil that has high moisture retaining ability to keep the plant’s roots moist.
To get this, it is recommended that you use a soilless potting mix with a little slow-release fertilizer added to the potting mix. Your potting mix should contain one part perlite, one part peat moss, and one part vermiculite.
Keep the pH level of the soil between neutral and a little acidic, so a pH value that ranges from 6.5 to 7.0 would be ideal.
Heart Leaf Philodendron Temperature and Humidity Requirement
Heart leaf Philodendrons are tropical plants, and as such require a high level of humidity to flourish. However, they do a good job of withstanding less humid environments than most perennials in tropical regions.
Keep the humidity level at 40% or higher. To achieve this, you could make use of a humidifier or perhaps, place a tray filled with water and pebbles close to the potted plant.
Temperature should be kept between 65 degrees Fahrenheit to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. The exotic plant is cold sensitive, so keep away from temperatures lower than 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
Heart Leaf Philodendron Fertilizer Requirement
Don’t fertilize often. You can make use of a liquid soluble fertilizer that has been diluted by 50%and fertilize the plant twice during summer and spring. Avoid fertilizing the plant with heart-shaped leaves during the winter season.
Heart Leaf Philodendron Propagation Requirement
Propagating the Heartleaf Philodendron is easy, and it can be done through stem cuttings. Ensure you wear protective gloves as the sap from the plants is toxic.
Repotting and Pruning Requirement for the Heart Leaf Philodendron
Philodendron Heartleaf is a slow-growing plant so it won’t require much pruning. Trim the dead leaves at their bases to encourage the proper growth of new leaves. Do this once in 2 months.
Repotting should be done once every 2 to 3 years, using a bigger pot. Ensure that each pot used has sufficient drainage holes at the base.
The exotic houseplant’s leaves contain calcium oxalate crystals which can cause irritation in the mouth, eyes, and skin.
Keep away from the reach of children and pets and call a licensed medical professional if you suspect a child or pet might have eaten the plant’s leaves.
Common Health Problems of the Heart Leaf Philodendron
- Root rot
- Brown or yellow leaves
- Wilting leaves
- Spider mites
Frequently Asked Questions
Yes, the Philodendron Heartleaf requires a humid environment and misting does help with that.
The Philodendron helps kill harmful toxins that reside in the air.
Philodendrons make excellent indoor plants due to their air purifying nature.
Heartleaf Philodendrons are slow growers; smaller pots could help avoid over-watering them.
The philodendron heart leaf variegated Spirictus Santi is the rarest Philodendron.