The Persian Lily is a gorgeous black plant. Although it is regarded as a black plant, it spots a dark purple to brown flowering that could almost be mistaken for black when viewed from the wrong lighting.
It belongs to the Liliaceae family and is a Fritillaria genus which explains the bell-shaped blooms that have earned the exquisite plant its large popularity.
Often used as a decorative, ornamental, potted plant indoors, this houseplant could also be used in cutting beds and plant borders. It is also rabbit and deer-resistant.
The deciduous foliage of the Persian Fritillaria spots a dark green color that blends in a perfect way with the dark purple blooms giving off a dramatic or mysterious feel to any space, indoor or outdoor it is placed in.
You can find the Persian Lily flower plant growing in rocky slope areas of Israel, Syria, Turkey, Jordan, Iran, and other Middle Eastern countries.
|Botanical Name||Fritillaria Persica Adiyaman|
|Common Names||Persian Lily, Persian Fritillaria,|
|Origin||Middle Eastern countries|
|Plant Type||Deciduous, Perennial, flowering plant|
|Full Size||2 feet to 3 feet tall|
|Sun Exposure||Full that is either direct or sheltered|
|Soil Type||Well drained chalk, sand or loam soil|
|Toxicity||Could cause discomfort when eaten in large quantities|
Fritillaria Persica Care
The Persian lily perennial plant is an easy plant to care for. It requires little maintenance and as long as its basic light, water, soil, and temperature requirements are met, your Persian Fritillaria plant should grow to look strong and healthy.
Fritillaria Persica Light Requirement
For a thriving Persian Lily plant, you would be required to provide enough access to as much bright light as possible. This would be both direct and indirect but bright sunlight.
A great measure would be to start your Fritillaria Persica with a maximum of 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight a day. After the exotic houseplant has had its fill, you could then move it to a location where it gets more sheltered, indirect sunlight for the rest of the day.
Being exposed to direct sunlight for prolonged hours could prove harmful to the plant’s foliage. The plant can survive in bright, indirect sunlight all day, but for a more rich growth, direct sunlight would be needed.
If you are growing the plant indoors, it is recommended that you select a room that is south or east-facing. And the most preferable spot to place it would be right next to a window. A light curtain should be used if the need arises.
Fritillaria Persica Water Requirement
We could regard the Persian Lily plant as a drought-resistant plant. This is because the Fritillaria Lily bulb could go long hours without needing to be watered.
However, a little watering would be needed to keep the plant growing strong and well. What you want to do is keep the soil of the plant moist at all times.
Be careful not to overwater the plant as excess water could leave the plant susceptible to fungal attacks, thereby causing diseases like rot.
Wait for the top part of the soil to be almost dried out before choosing to water the plant. You could feel this top part of the soil with your finger to get a measure of how much moisture is in the plant’s soil.
Water the plant once a week or once in 2 weeks, however, be sure to water the soil and not the plant’s foliage.
Fritillaria Persica Soil Requirement
The best soil type for the Persian Lily ranges from Chalky to loam to sandy soil. Fritillaria Persica offers a wide range of acceptable soil types.
Whatever soil type is used in growing the stunning potted plant must be well-draining. As the plant
doesn’t like wet soil, you would want to ensure that excess water isn’t retained after watering.
The pot also should contain drainage holes at the base to allow easy passage of water gotten from watering.
In addition to good drainage ability, a little water retaining ability would be required by the soil chosen to keep the plant moist for long.
For the pH level of the soil, keep it within the range of neutral to a little acidic with a pH value of 5.0 to 8.5
Fritillaria Persica Humidity and Temperature Requirement
Persian lilies do well in environments that are cool, which is why they grow in rocky regions of the Middle East.
With a USDA level of zone 5a to 8b, you would want to place or grow your Fritillaria Persica in a minimum temperature of -20 degrees Fahrenheit to a maximum temperature of 20 degrees Fahrenheit. Excess heat on the Fritillaria Persica can lead to the potted plant drooping.
Fritillaria Persica Fertilizer Requirement
Fertilizing your Persian lily plant shouldn’t be a regular affair. But it would be required to encourage proper growth and a flourishing look.
What you should aim for when it comes to fertilizing should be a once-in-a-month routine. When fertilizing, ensure you use a liquid soluble fertilizer that has been diluted to about 50% of its initial strength.
Avoid spraying the stem when you fertilize and ensure it is in direct contact with the plant’s soil. You can rinse off the excess fertilizer from its roots by deep watering the soil. However, make sure that the excess water is passed out through the drainage holes afterward.
Propagating the Fritillaria Persica
You can propagate your Fritillaria Persica in three various ways. These are;
- Through seed propagation
- Through bulbs
- Through plant division
It is required that you wear a glove, to protect from skin irritation.
The Fritillaria Persica is known to have a mild level of toxicity to both humans and pets. It could lead to stomach discomfort when eaten in large quantities. Its sap could also cause irritation in the eyes and skin, so do be careful when propagating the plant.
If you do notice that a child or pet has eaten from the plant, be quick to call a medical professional. And be alert for any signs or symptoms that may come up.
Common Health Problems of the Fritillaria Persica
Fritillaria Persicas are strong plants and the Adiayaman variety is no exception, however, a few pests and diseases are known to trouble the plant, they are;
- Leaf Scorch
- Alfalfa disease
- Leaf scald of plum
- Cotton bud thrip
- Lily beetle
Frequently Asked Questions
The flowering fritillaria plant is a bulb flowering plant, therefore it does not spread.
The Persica Fritillaria bulb should be planted between the late summer and early fall
Fritillaria plants bloom once a year, so there would be no need to deadhead them.
No, they are not considered invasive plants even though they can be spread by seeds with ease.
Fritillarias are known to be hardy plants, and they can survive high cold temperatures.