Syngonium podophyllum, also known as the arrowhead plant or Nephthytis, is a creeping plant related to Philodendron and much appreciated for its easy care and large leaves that can vary from bright green to a lovely blotchy mix (known as Syngonium ‘White Butterfly’, pictured above).
This plant is relatively easy to grow in your own home; keep reading for everything you need to know to grow Syngonium yourself!
|Easy||Indirect sunlight||When dry||Potting soil|
Syngonium is a creeping epiphyte that is known for growing in a bushy fashion at first and then starting to send out longer runners. It’s mostly appreciated for its lush foliage, though it can also grow white flowers if you’re lucky. As it naturally grows on trees, Syngonium isn’t used to receiving direct sunlight and will appreciate being allowed to creep up a moss pole or totem.
Syngonium location & temperature
Unlike many of the lush green tropical houseplants that are available nowadays, the arrowhead plant doesn’t require direct sunlight nor a very high humidity. In fact, you can keep your Syngonium in relatively low light conditions unless you have a lighter colored cultivar: these may revert back to a darker color, so if you want to maintain the creamy white foliage be sure to place your plant in a spot with plenty of indirect sunlight.
Temperature-wise, Syngonium is a real houseplant. It doesn’t appreciate temperatures dropping below 15 °C/59 °F, so although it can be kept outdoors in some regions it will usually do best inside your house. A relatively stable temperature is appreciated.
Syngonium is not a complicated plant potting-wise. Just be sure to keep in mind that although it loves humidity, constantly wet soil can lead to root rot so good drainage is quite important.
- A regular potting soil works well.
- Be sure to use a well-draining pot, such as a normal clay pot with a drainage hole. Because Syngonium is naturally a creeping plant that can form rather long vines, a hanging plant basket is also a great option.
- If you don’t want to use a hanging basket, a plant totem may be a good solution to keep the plant from growing all over the place.
- Syngonium can be repotted every two years or so. Be careful while handling this plant as it’s poisonous and can cause skin irritation: always wear gloves!
A proper watering schedule is a very important part of arrowhead plant care. Proper watering and humidity is key!
- Syngonium loves receiving plenty of water but doesn’t appreciate constantly wet soil. It’s best to let the soil dry out and then give a generous amount of water.
- Don’t wait too long between waterings: this plant doesn’t like drying out too much! Watering a bit less during Winter is often recommended.
- Syngonium won’t suffer too much if humidity is low, but it does prefer a bit of extra moisture in the air especially if humidity is particularly low in your home. Misting regularly and using a humidity tray with pebbles and water can help keep this plant happy and healthy.
As with all houseplants, only feed your Syngonium while it’s growing: every other week or every month is a good place to start. A regular balanced fertilizer diluted to half strength should work well. If you’re not seeing new growth, don’t overfeed to compensate!
As mentioned earlier, there are many different types of Syngonium podophyllum cultivars available today, such as the marbled “White Butterfly”, the more compact “Pixie” and a bunch of different foliage colors. You should be able to find the more common varieties in most garden/plant stores. You can also buy Syngonium online!
Is Syngonium podophyllum toxic to cats and dogs?
The ASPCA lists Syngonium podophyllum as toxic to both cats and dogs, so keep it out of their reach!
If you have any more questions about Syngonium/arrowhead plant care or want to share your own experiences with this beautiful creeping houseplant, don’t hesitate to leave a comment below.