Houseplants in the Dracaena genus, like the endlessly popular Dracaena marginata, Dracaena ‘lemon-lime’ and ‘lucky bamboo’ are appreciated by houseplant lovers for their non-fussy nature and decorative looks. But did you know these plants aren’t just easy to care for? They are also super easy to propagate!
Is your Dracaena is getting leggy? Do you want to gift a piece to a friend or family member so they can grow a new plant? Keep reading for everything you need to know about propagating your Dracaena plant!
Beheading | Propagating Dracaena from top cuttings
One of the easiest way to propagate your Dracaena plant involves simply cutting off the top. Snip it just below the leaf line and be sure to include at least one node: roots grow from these round, white bumps on the stem. Then, either plant your cutting in some soil or place it in a nice vase filled with fresh water. I prefer the latter method, as it allows me to see how the cutting is doing and whether it has rooted yet. Place the container in a warmish spot and wait!
Roots and new growth should appear pretty quickly during the warm Summer months, while things can take a little longer during Wintertime. If you’re water-propagating, try moving the cutting to soil once the roots are about 1 inch/2.5 cm. Or don’t; the plant won’t mind and fresh green leaves look great in a pretty vase. I especially like the look of multiple thin-necked vases such as these filled with plant cuttings.
If you’re worried removing the top of your Dracaena will result in a sad, headless plant, don’t worry. One or multiple nodes close to the top of the original should start sprouting new leaves soon. It will be back to looking its best in no time.
Propagating Dracaena from stem cuttings
If getting just one new plant isn’t enough for you, don’t worry. You can turn a single Dracaena into as many as you like using the stem cutting method! This is also the method many nurseries use to easily create more plants.
As with the top cutting method you snip off the top of the plant and propagate that as you usually would. However, you also remove as many stem sections as you like (all should be at least around 8 inches/20cm and contain a few nodes). Be sure to leave a good section of the original plant so that can grow back as well.
Place all your stem sections in water or soil and be patient, as it will take a little longer before these turn into proper plants. Roots should start appearing at the bottom nodes, while any nodes at the top will start swelling and producing new leaf shoots. Voila! New plants.
If you have any more questions about propagating Dracaena or want to share your own experiences with this versatile plant, don’t hesitate to leave a comment below!